Course Descriptions and Syllabi

The courses regularly taught in the Bachelor’s programme are described in this section, though other courses may be offered on an occasional basis. Each course is are worth 6 ECTS.

The courses are listed by subject area, which is also indicated by the first three letters of the course code. Courses are offered at three levels. Courses at the 100 level are introductory and can be taken by all students. They are often taken in the first year. Courses at the 200 and 300 levels are more advanced and often cannot be taken without first having passed an introductory course in the subject. Some of these upper-level courses may even require successful completion of a 200-level course. Any such prerequisites are indicated at the end of the course description. Exemptions from prerequisites may be granted by the course instructor and must be notified in writing to the Head of Academic Administration.

Art Business Communications Economics History
Humanities Internship Languages Law Mathematics
Philosophy Politics Psychology Social Sciences Statistics

Courses at partner institutions

The Vesalius curriculum includes courses that are offered by partner institutions, such as the Free University of Brussels (VUB), Boston University and the Royal Music Conservatory. While these courses are, in principle, also open to study abroad students, it needs to be taken into account that they do not always follow the same academic calendar as that of Vesalius College. This may require a certain degree of flexibility on the part of student with respect to their travel arrangements. The study abroad department will deal with such requests on a case-by-case basis. Information on the available courses will be distributed before the pre-registration period each semester. Students taking courses at partner institutions must follow their rules concerning schedules, examinations, and other academic matters.

Please note that all syllabi listed below are only indicative and may be subject to change

Art (ART)

ART 101G – Art in Belgium

Based around three case studies of art in Belgium (or the equivalent cultural area before Belgium’s independence in 1830), the course provides an introduction to art and culture in Belgium from the 15th to the 20th century, by using a number of analytical tools in art appreciation, art historiography, the collecting and display of art, including some business and legal aspects. The course provides an historical and intellectual framework for the other courses on the topic. It helps students to contextualise the rich and diversified aspects of Belgian culture, as well as its quirky ones.

ART 301G – Art in Europe

A course focusing on European history and culture, which includes field trips to different European cities (Antwerp, Bruges, Tournai and Brussels for Belgium; Amsterdam for the Netherlands; Paris for France). In this course students study the historical, cultural and economic aspects of the above mentioned cities and countries. Special emphasis is placed on the history of art and architecture. All costs for the trips are to be paid by the participants as an additional fee collected at registration; see section on tuition and fees.

Business (BUS)

BUS 101G – Introduction to Business

Introduces students to the internal organisation of firms and to the legal, economic, political and social environment in which they operate. Aims to show how accounting, finance, marketing, operations, human resources and innovation, all fields that the student will later study, contribute to realising the objectives of the firm. Students also learn how to find and analyse information about businesses.

BUS 102G – The Belgian Brewery Industry in a Global Context: Business, Economics, Culture and Innovation

Belgium is not only home to the world’s biggest brewers, but has in recent years also seen a rise of innovative micro-breweries and diversification of the beer market with potentially far-reaching implications for the business and economics of the brewery industry inside and outside the country. In November 2016, UNESCO even added ‘Belgian Beer Culture’ to the World Heritage List, highlighting the cultural importance and impact of the Belgian beer industry beyond pure business and economics.  This course focuses on key principles and changes in the economics, marketing, production and innovation of the Belgian Brewery Industry in a Global Context. Taking the Belgian beer industry as a multi-faceted case study for studying core Business processes and developments in the field of the national and international beer market (including production, strategy, marketing and product innovation), this course also explores the impact of geography, culture and globalization on Belgian beer businesses and their business strategies. The course includes company visits, guest lecture series and experiential learning and provides unique insights into the major shifts and changes of major the economics and business processes related to the brewery industry. In cooperation with key experts, this summer course will also include the possibility of learning the nuts and bolts of the beer brewing process itself.

BUS131G – International Marketing

This course introduces the role of marketing in the globalized world with a focus on a variety of approaches used in creating customer satisfaction. The class regularly emphasizes the importance of understanding customer needs and translating these into superior perceived value, quality and service for the target market. Students will be introduced to marketing theory and how it applies to real world examples provided in textbook, films/videos, articles, class discussions and a group assignment with a Belgian based company with a global marketing presence.

BUS 142G – Financial Accounting

This course combines financial and managerial accounting concepts in a single course and includes a study of the accounting cycles of service organisations and merchandisers. Emphasis is on the analysis and recording process of business transactions and the preparation of financial statements. The course covers also topics in valuation and reporting of assets, liabilities and equity. The second half of the course discusses managerial accounting concepts. Emphasis is placed on analysis of cost behaviour, budgeting concepts, standard cost systems and variance analysis, and the use of accounting information to make decisions.

BUS143G – Managerial Accounting

Management Accounting is an essential tool that enhances a manager’s ability to make effective economic decisions .The course objective is to give students a good understanding about the concepts and techniques of management accounting. These issues will be explained against the background of a fast changing global market. Allocation”, “Overheads” and “Job-Costing and Process-Costing Systems”.  Syllabus

BUS 211G – Human Resources Management

Examines the sub-system of staff planning, recruitment and selection, training and development, position control, audit and evaluation and that constitute the human resource function of all organisations. Emphasis is placed on the role of these activities as they relate to the organisation and the organisational managers and leaders. Topics include recruitment and selection, personnel planning, testing employees, training, performance management, compensation, managing labour relations, organisation behaviour, organisational culture, ethics and fair treatment. Given annually in fall semester.
Prerequisite: BUS101G

BUS2111G – Global Leadership

A global leader strives to develop internationally-minded, locally-engaged leaders that will assist the learner in their future educational and career advancements. This course will cultivate the learners understanding of the intricate details of the ideology of global leadership. The learner will develop a rich understanding of global leadership by discovering the traits, behaviors, and values that will make them an exceptional global leader; analyze how behavior affects the way a leader leads; understand the necessary steps to move toward an integrate model of leadership; and, recognize the foundations to define leadership to lead across various cultures through cross-cultural intelligence. It will provide a platform for the learner to evaluate and understand their strengths and weaknesses to develop their global leadership skills and to discover the critical concepts of emotional and social intelligence. The course will challenge the learners to understand leaderships through a global facet of diversity, religion, gender, and LGBTQ+ communities in the international aspects of
being a diverse global leader.
Prerequisite: BUS101G

BUS 212G – Corporate Governance

The course examines the theory and practice of corporate governance. We define a corporate governance system as the set of constraints on minority shareholder expropriation set by (1) internal corporate control mechanisms (such as the board), (2) external capital market monitoring and pricing, and (3) laws and regulations. Students learn how the design of the corporate governance system determines the ability of individual firms to compete.  Discusses how and why governance systems differ across countries.
Prerequisite: BUS 101G

BUS 213G – Management of Innovation and Technical Change

Provides tools and ways of thinking that is related to managing and sustaining innovation as a means of creating value. Themes to be addressed include features and characteristics of technological innovation, strategy/structure/environment and innovation, effects of new technology on employees and managers, implications for occupational health and safety, the learning organisation and the culture of change, performance management and intellectual property.
Prerequisite: BUS 101G


BUS 214G – Management of Art and Culture

The pressing need for a high standard knowledge of art management forms the foundations of this course, which captures the essentials of management for culture and arts organisations both in profit and not for profit contexts. Students get acquainted with modern day strategic management issues posed to arts organisations and learn to view such issues both from a general as well as an operational perspective. Financial and marketing management provide for an in depth approach, whereby a strong theoretical framework offers firm links to present day practices and cases.

BUS 215G – Organisational Leadership

Explores the challenges to effective leadership and management that the contemporary manager faces in a rapidly changing environment. Focus is on leadership styles and motivational techniques conducive to high performance in various organisational settings with a very diverse workforce. Topics include issues in the design of organisations, the corporate /organisational culture, the design and enrichment of jobs, and communication within organisations. Given annually in the fall semester
Prerequisite: BUS 101G


BUS216G – Strategic Management

This course focuses on strategy formulation, implementation and performance, and deals with the identification and analysis of external opportunities and constraints faced by a company. The course also centres on the development of internal capabilities in response to those factors. Through theory and cases studies, the main functions of the corporation are investigated: products/services, research and development; manufacturing, logistics, marketing, finance/accounting, and human resources.
Prerequisite: BUS 101G

BUS217 – Business in China

This course covers the economic and political aspects of doing business in China. China’s 1978 open door policy resulted not only in substantial economy growth but also in great chances for Western companies to participate in China’s unique economy. China’s “red capitalism” is highly distinct to Western economies with its private entrepreneurship and financial liberalisation on the one hand, and a Communist Party that reigns with great power on the other hand. This course will cover both the underlying theories and a number of real-world examples to discuss economic and political reality in China.
Pre-requisites: HUM101G

BUS219G – Negotiations and Conflict Resolution

The course focuses on managing disputes and emphasises the significance of praxis. Explores constructive alternative dispute resolution (ADR) processes and procedures to legalistic, adversarial methods of dispute resolution in the public and non-profit sectors. Knowledge and skills developed are those needed to analyse complex conflict and dispute situations, shape appropriate processes to involve the right parties, constructively negotiate settlements, select mediators and facilitators, and design dispute resolution programs. Emphasises conflict management and resolution leadership.
Pre-requisites: HUM101G

BUS221G – Corporate Finance

This course focuses on establishing the operating and technical foundation for financial decision-making in firms.  Many of the fundamental concepts and tools that will be introduced apply equally well one’s own personal financial management.  Students will learn about: the structure of the firm and financial markets, the notion of time impact on money, the trade-off between risk and return, the approach to balance investments with capital funding, the impact of firm’s financial policy on leverage and shareholders’ return, the management of the funds needed for operations, the advantage of utilising Islamic financial tools, and the implications of corporate finance in a global context.
Prerequisites: BUS 101G, STA 101G

BUS 223G – Financial Mathematics

Financial Mathematics is an essential tool that enhances a manager’s ability to make effective economic decisions. This course provides solid, practical, up-to-date coverage of the mathematical techniques students must master to succeed in business today. It puts a great emphasis on the analysis of business problems. The course objective is to give students a good understanding about the mathematical concepts and techniques and teach them how to use these to solve related business problems in an effective way. The issues will be explained against the background of the fast changing global market.  Students with study a variety of exercises and examples that are realistic; this will help them with personal financial matters and investments as well as in their professional careers.
Prerequisite: MTH 140G

BUS 231G – Marketing

Analyses the role of marketing in creating customer satisfaction. Discusses the importance of market segmentation, targeting and positioning, starting from understanding customer needs and translating these into superior perceived value, quality and service for the target market. Illustrates how to compose an effective marketing programme and stresses the application of concepts through the use of case studies.
Prerequisite: BUS 101G

BUS 233G – Social Marketing

Social marketing is the systematic application of marketing, along with other concepts and techniques, to achieve specific behavioural goals for a social good. Social marketing can be applied to promote merit goods, or to make a society avoid demerit goods and thus to promote society’s well-being as a whole.
Prerequisite: BUS 101G

BUS 234G – Sociology and Psychology of Marketing

Marketing is defined as the activity, set of institutions, and processes for creating, communicating, delivering, and exchanging offerings that have value for customers, clients, partners, and society at large. This course investigates all the marketing functions from a social and psychological aspect in order to better understand the customer’s behaviour.
Prerequisite: BUS 101G

BUS251G – Business Information System

Uses systems theory to describe information systems.  Starting from basic concepts (such as logic gates and the representation of data in binary form), computers (including central processing units, internal and external memory, input/output buses), communications protocols, computer networks, operating systems, middleware, applications software and file formats are explained.  Usage of information systems in organisations will be discussed.  On a practical level, students will learn to use spreadsheets and relational database servers.
Prerequisites: BUS 101G


BUS 252G – E-commerce

This course deals with the characteristics of e-Commerce in various target markets, how products and services are bought and sold via the Internet and other electronic systems. It starts with building a basic understanding of the infrastructure that is the internet, and the World Wide Web as the aggregation of content made available via the internet. We will discuss the various features that make e-Commerce (and mobile e-Commerce or m-Commerce) stand out from traditional commerce, as well as the related security, privacy, and other legal, ethical, and social issues. Students will learn some basics about what it takes to develop an mobile web application or ‘app’.
Prerequisites: Introduction to Business (BUS101), Economics (ECN101), Marketing (BUS231)

BUS264G – Scenario Thinking

The class is focused on the macro-environmental context of global business, at a variety of levels-local, national, regional and global. Despite half a century of trade liberalisation and the acceleration of globalising processes since the early 1990s, we witness the re-emergence of popularism in politics, rapid increases in migration, creeping protectionism, and world free trade zones in difficulty. Global business environments are highly complex and uncertain. These ‘surprises’ are present across many domains, including the economic, the social and culture, and the political, legal and ecological. Organisations and management decisions and actions do not exist in a vacuum; they are situated in this complex, dynamic and often turbulent environment. The class will develop students’ understanding of the many dimensions and layers of this context. It will encourage students to recognise, understand and reflect upon the challenges and opportunities that various contextual aspects present. The main vehicle for the programme will be scenario thinking and planning.

This course is offered in a module format. It involves ‘live’ consultancy projects and provides an excellent bridge to the world beyond academia. Besides the academic credentials you need to be willing and able to handle a great amount of independent work. You should have excellent organisation and time management skills. You will work on a group project throughout the semester. You will meet the instructor in the beginning of the semester. During the sessions we will confine your projects and you will be introduced to scenario thinking methodology and literature. The lectures cover (i) introduction to scenario thinking, (ii) the history of scenario thinking, (iii) scenario thinking as foresight, (iv) scenario thinking methodology.

After the introductory sessions you will apply what you have learned and start with your group projects. You receive guidance in the form of email-exchanges or via Skype but the main responsibilities lay with you.

After the extensive group work period, we will meet in the week of 11-18th November for an extensive workshop. During these days you will have to work intensively on the project. Please arrange your other assignments and responsibilities accordingly.

You will present your work in front of a jury at the end of the semester. You will have to submit a final report at the end of the semester.

BUS 301G – International Business

This course deals with the characteristics of e-Commerce in various target markets, how products and services are bought and sold via the Internet and other electronic systems. It starts with building a basic understanding of the infrastructure that is the internet, and the World Wide Web as the aggregation of content made available via the internet. We will discuss the various features that make e-Commerce (and mobile e-Commerce or m-Commerce) stand out from traditional commerce, as well as the related security, privacy, and other legal, ethical, and social issues. Students will learn some basics about what it takes to develop a mobile web application or ”app”.
Prerequisites: ECN 101G, BUS 101G

BUS311G – Operations Management

Surveys the practice and important issues involved in production and operations management: value-driven operations management, quality function deployment, supply chain management, enterprise resource planning (ERP), materials planning and scheduling (MPS, MRP II, JIT, TOC), inventory management, quality management, group technology and cellular manufacturing and flexible manufacturing systems. Includes video presentations and guest lectures.
Prerequisite: BUS 101G

BUS 312G – Mergers, Acquisitions and Related Transactions

This course provides a systematic and thorough introduction to all aspects of project management. Projects are an increasingly important aspect of modern business. Therefore the course underlines the importance of understanding the relation between projects and the strategic goals of the organisation. The course also discusses the technical, cultural, and interpersonal skills necessary to successfully manage projects from start to finish. It emphasises that project management is a professional discipline with its own tools, body of knowledge, and skills. Concepts are reinforced by case studies covering a wide variety of project types and industries. Given annually in spring semester.
Prerequisite: BUS 101G

BUS 314G – Project Management

This course provides a systematic and thorough introduction to all aspects of project management. Projects are an increasingly important aspect of modern business. Therefore the course underlines the importance of understanding the relation between projects and the strategic goals of the organisation. The course also discusses the technical, cultural, and interpersonal skills necessary to successfully manage projects from start to finish. It emphasises that project management is a professional discipline with its own tools, body of knowledge, and skills. Concepts are reinforced by case studies covering a wide variety of project types and industries.
Prerequisites: BUS101G

BUS 321G – Financial Markets and Investments

This course provides a thorough analysis of the different financial markets from a global perspective: the bond market, stock market, and foreign exchange (FOREX) market. Areas covered are valuation and time value of money, interest rates and related markets, derivatives and capital budgeting. A FOREX game will be organised and students will learn how to interpret market indicators. Through presentations, students will also learn about the global financial crisis and the effects on the Eurozone.

BUS 325G – International Finance

Examines the financing of a multinational enterprise and surveys international investing. Areas covered include currency, interest rate and negotiable securities markets. Also discusses hedging and interest rate arbitrage, foreign exchange, futures and options as well as international money, capital markets and international financing. 
Prerequisites: ECN 101G, BUS 101G

Syllabus (draft)

BUS353G – e-Business

BUS 361G – Ethics for Economics and Business

Starts with the general features and conditions of ethical practice, followed by an overview of the main ethical traditions–virtue ethics, duty ethics (deontological ethics) and consequentialism (teleological ethics)—and a discussion of the specific character of applied ethics and the methodological problems that are connected to it. Three main issues dealing with the media will be treated: journalism ethics, advertising ethics and the ethics of new (digital) media. The discussion of business will include the idea of corporate social responsibility and ethical problems in human resource management and sales.
Prerequisite: at least one 100-level course in business, economics or communications

BUS 391G – Capstone: Entrepreneurship

Business course designed to develop understanding of the entrepreneurial process and small business management and to explore the strategies that improve new venture performance. The core task is for the student to produce an actual business plan for the student’s own venture that includes information such as: the technical concepts of the product or service, a marketing plan, an outline for the first three years and a financing plan (equity/leverage). Also develops skills in written business communication and oral presentations that allow students to integrate entrepreneurship concepts and interact with business experts.
Prerequisite: BUS101G

BUS 392G – International Marketing

This course focuses on international marketing, and how to enter and operate effectively in foreign markets. It introduces suitable ways to select international markets and discusses alternative strategies to enter those markets through comparing, contrasting and benchmarking of those foreign markets’ socio-cultural, political, economic, and legal characteristics. This capstone course will provide marketing knowledge that strikes a balance between localisation and globalisation in product, promotion, pricing, and distribution, to meet the needs and expectations of the chosen foreign market.
Prerequisites: BUS101G

BUS 393G – Business Capstone

The capstone course is a method of summative evaluation in which the student is given an opportunity to demonstrate integrated knowledge and growth in the major. The course will assess a student’s cognitive and intellectual growth in their major and also the overall academic learning experience. The course will provide an opportunity for students to integrate and applied learning from their academic career in a comprehensive manner.  The capstone provides an opportunity for students to integrate and apply knowledge from their academic studies; through the comprehensive evaluation of core curriculum of finance and accounting, economics, marketing, management, human resource, and all learned fields.
The course will take on a focus of client-based research, client based problem-solving, or an intergraded approach to business planning. The key element is to give a real world exercise to the students. They shall work directly with a client(s) to evaluate students on their base knowledge of the overall curriculum learned during their academic career. The general focus should be practical and applied knowledge.
Pre-requisites: BUS101G

BUS 395G – BA Thesis in Business Studies – Seminar I (Advanced Research Methods)

The advanced research methods seminar (Seminar I) for the BA Thesis in Business Studies, requires students to formulate and devise their research question for their BA Thesis topic as well as to choose and apply advanced research methods specific to the field of Business Studies in order to tackle and investigate their major research topic. In this seminar, students will acquire knowledge and skills of advanced research methods and will complete their preparatory work for conducting major research on their BA topic which will serve as a foundation for finalizing their thesis writing in BA Thesis Seminar II. Pre-requirements: Students must have taken all Core courses before taking this course.

BUS 396G – BA Thesis in Business Studies – Seminar II (Senior Seminar)

After completing the BA Thesis Seminar I, students are required to complete writing their BA thesis, applying advanced research methods acquired in BA Thesis Seminar I. Under the guidance of their thesis supervisor, students finalise the writing process and present intermittent results in senior seminars and round-tables. The final oral defence/presentation of the thesis’ results will take place in the context of the College’s public “undergraduate research day”. Pre-requisite: BA Thesis Seminar I.

Communications (CMM)

CMM 101G – Introduction to Communication Studies

The course focuses on the preliminaries of language as well as verbal and non-verbal communication in a variety of social and cultural settings. Perceptions of others based on such physical traits as body, face and voice will be analysed while empathy as a crucial aspect of Interpersonal Communication will be analysed. The nature of groups (their goals, types and characteristics) will be analysed and the techniques for solving problems within groups will be discussed and applied in the relevant assignments. The course also focuses on the various traditions of human communication theory, ranging from semiotic and the phenomenological to the socio-cultural and the critical tradition as well as concepts linked to the Pragmatics of Human Communication.

CMM 102G – Mass Communication

This course provides an overview of theories to describe and explain media communication. The course will look at several perspectives on media and how they are translated into contemporary research efforts. Specifically the course deals with the communication field from the perspectives of content and language, media and society, audiences and effects, and media organisations. Students will be encouraged to participate in discussions where key theories will be analysed and possible applications discussed.

CMM 106G – Intercultural Communication

The first part of the course introduces students to the main culturally-driven models and criteria as espoused by major interculturalists such Tropenaars, Hall, and Hofstede with a view to help them better comprehend the definition of the term culture in both its broad and narrow sense and appreciate the implications thereof on a personal, interpersonal and social level as well as in the job or business-related environment. Topics such as culture shock, ethnocentrism, stereotyping and other intercultural dynamics will be discovered and analysed in view of how these elements can engender misunderstanding and miscommunication. Major theoretical issues will be discussed in order to better illustrate the difficulty of dealing with cultures and identities in all their complexity. By focusing on nation-specific cultural values and the inevitable behavioural impact that it engenders, the course will provide a framework and context to discuss such sensitive topics as cultural relativism and multiculturalism.

CMM 211G – Rhetoric

Students attending this course will come to understand how rhetorical theory and its practical implications have been critical components of effective communication throughout the ages. By studying the building blocks of rhetoric as first codified by ancient Greek rhetoricians such as Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, while also giving due consideration to more recent or current figures like Foucault or Umberto Eco, and by gaining an understanding of its contemporary forms, students will be better equipped to analyse various forms of persuasive messages. These run the gamut from public speeches to various forms of consumer-driven messages as well as political discourses and propaganda. Special attention will be devoted to text analysis of popular culture products and students will learn how to critically assess various analysis methods of media text

CMM 214G, Gamification in Politics, Business and Communications: An Interdisciplinary Approach

The course on Gamification aims at introducing students to the uses of game design elements (such as online games or apps) in non-game contexts. Gamification is a broad concept, which has been increasingly applied to different sectors and areas, ranging from political communications, the non-profit sector (“gamification for advocacy”), the business sector, and even the public sector. The rise of gamification as an important tool and strategy raises fundamental questions about the opportunities, challenges and the risks of the increased use of websites, online games and apps for major sectors of society.
This interdisciplinary course aims to: (1) introducing and comparing scholarly analyses of gamification across a variety of fields (politics, public governance, advocacy, marketing); (2) illustrating relevant case-studies and best practices of gamified strategies from business organizations/non-profits/media outlets/political parties/governments; (3) pinpointing common patterns in the development of gamification strategies from various actors; (4) highlighting the benefits for participation and democracy arising from the increased use of gamification strategies; (5) Discussing the issues of gamification and the problems arising from its increased use.
Typical class will involve case analysis, group problem solving, analysis of relevant materials (movies, podcasts, pictures) and debate.

CMM 221G – Global Communication

Introduces the historical context and examines different approaches to international communication from the modernisation and cultural imperialism theories to cultural studies and critical political economy perspectives. The course also examines the theories and problems related to the international function of the news media, the entertainment industry and the telecommunications sector. Students also gain a clear understanding of the creation of the global media marketplace and how international communication evolves in the Internet age. Furthermore, the course discusses the international governance structures related to media, news, telecommunications and the Internet.

CMM233G – Introduction to Photojournalism

This class is an introduction to photojournalism, with a focus on developing core skills and learning photography theory in order to produce effective photographic news stories. The course consists of both classroom sessions and classes held off campus, on location in Brussels. Students will learn practical skills, such as how cameras and lenses work, image composition and the rule of thirds, lighting conditions and techniques, and theory including the decisive moment and the human perception of truth in photography. The photographic assignments will fall into several categories including food, nature, architecture and tourism.

CMM 242G – Corporate Communications & Public Relations

The course provides an analysis of the practice of corporate communication and public relations. It will study how major companies provide information on their activities, defend their issues and manage their identity and reputation and build or manage their brand image. Particular attention is drawn to the science and art of effective communication with various recipients, including the general public, the media, the shareholders and the employees. Students will gain a better understanding of how corporate communication tools and PR instruments can used to communicate with both internal and external stakeholders. A number of major crisis management situations will be explored and their response analysed for effectiveness. Special emphasis will be placed on the strategies companies need to adopt in order to communicate effectively with the media and improve their media relations.

CMM 244G – Media Organisations and Economics

The course aims to analyse the different industry structures and operations related to mass media (including print, broadcast media, sound recordings, motion pictures, social media and media chains) from a historical perspective while emphasising its economic underpinnings. The course aims to explain the key drivers to the functioning of the media industry. It will provide a comprehensive macro-view of the increasingly globalised and interconnected communication markets. The course will also focus on how the most updated technological trends have significantly impacted on the media economy. Finally the course will also analyse how the economy of media impacts on the social fabric and discourse, affects media policy making, and raises such fundamental issues as competition law, copyright issues, and subsidies in media services. This in turn will also provide a solid background to assess and analyse the concept of Value Creation.

CMM 251G – Political Communication and Public Diplomacy

Looks at the use made of the media by political actors who range from presidents to terrorists and analyses the ways in which communication strategies may be used to shape public opinion. Focuses on the roles of political reporting, advertising and public relations in politics and provides a detailed consideration of the political and philosophical implications of the changing mass communication landscape as fuelled by the impact of the new communication technologies. The course also has a special focus on International Political Communication and in particular the aspects of Public Diplomacy. It is designed to develop understanding of a key aspect of modern communications, namely the attempts by state and non-state actors to influence public opinion though strategic communication policies and soft power. Topics range from the role of public diplomacy in foreign policy to communication approaches in times of crises, as well as arts diplomacy, exchange programmes and citizen diplomacy.

CMM 252G – Lobbying in the EU

Lobbying is an integral part of the EU decision-making process. Set in the context of wider problems of EU legitimacy, this course will describe the participatory model of EU policymaking based around agents of participation. Indeed, actors representing State and non-governmental interests engage with European Commission decision makers and members of the European Council and of the European Parliament on a daily basis. Lobbying is therefore perceived as a legitimate tool of pluralist bargaining in which interest representatives are perceived as a source of data and practical expertise, informing and improving policy development. Major trends in the culture of EU interest representation such as the need for “transparency” and the use of coalition and alliance building are addressed. Finally, from a practical perspective, the course will deal directly with lobbying techniques ranging from the legal drafting of amendments to the use of social media and civil society supported activities and events.

CMM 253G – Global Advocacy

The course on “Global Advocacy” aims at introducing students to the complex and fascinating interplay between globalization and advocacy. By taking into account the major changes occurred around the world because of globalization, students of this course are introduced to the analysis of (both successful and unsuccessful) efforts from civil society to influence international organizations (e.g. the United Nation, the World Bank), supranational regulators (e.g. European Union) and national governments. Employing key case studies, students will explore elements of advocacy campaigns (including the determination of campaign objectives, target audiences and responses, media channels) and will be enabled to understand and assess the impact those campaigns have on global policy-making. By the end of the semester students will: (1) gain a proper understanding of global trends; (2) understand how civil society advocacy evolved over the last century; (3) develop a conceptual framework to understand how current political regimes are shaped and transformed by civil society advocacy; (4) gain a deep understanding of advocacy tools, strategies of influence, arenas and targets of advocacy; (5) benefit from having met and interact with key guest speakers from active advocacy campaigns.

CMM 261G – World cinema: History, Theories and Narration

The course aims to provide a historical overview of the craft and evolution of the film industry from an international perspective, from its early inception in the late 19th century to the latest trends and developments in the 21st century. Students will become familiar with fundamental film theories, techniques, genres, as well as film schools throughout the world (including Italian neorealism, French Nouvelle Vague, the British social film movement, Russian style of editing, the dogma manifesto). It will provide students with the tools needed to understand and apply critical analysis to nation-specific cinemas. Special focus will also be put on how various governments and regimes have used cinema as an effective propaganda tool and how national identity can inform the narrative strand of a given film and arguably stress cultural, nation-specific values. By emphasising film genres, the course will also discuss the concept of global genres as developed by William V. Constanzo and explore cinematic border crossings and cultural links between various nations.

CMM262G – Topics in European Film History

This course reveals Europe at its edgiest. It is impossible to understand European culture without experiencing its cinema. Groundbreaking and thought-provoking films from Europe pioneered genre-filmmaking (fantasy, comedy, the epic, horror, thriller, cult, documentary and animation), and defined aesthetic concepts such as ‘realism’, and ‘surrealism’ that have become key inspirations for cultural production around the world.

This course contains thirteen in-class sessions. Each session departs from a recent development (a genre, a style, a politics, …), and uses a contemporary or (post)modernist film to trace its origins and tentacles into the past, thereby uncovering the intrinsic inter-connections between all of Europe’s filmmaking traditions.

Each session will also showcase a key filmmaker (such as Godard, Hitchcock, Polanski, Haneke, or the Dardennes) and interrogate their artistic obsessions by linking them to the social and cultural contexts of their times, in order to offer a broad overview of European film art, with the intent to unlock the core of the ‘European Imagination’.

Finally, the course emphasizes the ‘experience’ of European film art through a selection of screenings in Brussels (including the Royal Cinematek) and guest chats with key industry agents (directors, producers, distributors). In doing so, this course offers students first-hand access to the European film industry.

CMM 263G – Convergence Media and Transmedia Writing

The course introduces students to how narratives and brands are increasingly conceptualised and produced across multiple media platforms as well as assesses the major cultural, social and political changes that have occurred as a result of increased media convergence. The course analyses how this major technologically driven cultural shift is impacting audience participation, interaction and consumption of mediatised content. Students appreciate how convergence and transmedia affects and shapes audience involvement on the spectrum that goes from passive consumption to active participation and full engagement, the latter impacting on various processes, including democratisation, commercialisation and individualisation. A significant portion of the course will be devoted to analysing and discussing the findings of some of the major theorists and practitioners in the field, including Henry Jenkins, Max Giovagnoli and Nuno Bernardo.

CMM 323G – Communication Audiences and Effects

This course focuses on reception studies, uses and gratification, cultivation, elaboration likelihood (ELM), spiral of silence, knowledge-gap, agenda setting, priming, and framing theories to understand how communication affects audiences. In discussing these theories, it deals with both the historical and epistemological context, and covers the impact of changes in mass communication (e.g. introduction of television and new media) on theory development.

CMM 324G – International Communication

This course provides comprehensive coverage of the range of communication effects across cultures, including news diffusion, media and development, influences on public opinion and voting, and new media’s effects. It also presents a variety of theoretical approaches to understanding the conditioning influence of cultures on communication effects, including psychological and content-based theories. It also includes survey studies of international media effects, communication effects in high and low context cultures, studies of gatekeeping and news values, data and research approaches of news and video and cultural identities and comparative cultivation analysis.

CMM 331G – International Journalism

The course focuses on the understanding of the foreign correspondents’ and international news’ role in society. The course analyses the direction, flow and pattern of the foreign correspondents’ coverage, as well as the impact of new technologies on the quantity, frequency and speed of their coverage and their political, social and economic consequences of those.

CMM 341G – Marketing Communication and Advertising

The course surveys the theoretical models of marketing communication with particular emphasis on a coherent and fully integrated approach to communication. Students are involved in the design and implementation of various strategic communication schemes for different publics while focusing on the advertising, publicity and promotional strands that are part of a comprehensive media-driven marketing campaign. The global nature of advertising and marketing is duly considered, thus allowing students to fully incorporate a series of important cultural factors. They also gain an understanding of why and how these factors need to be taken into consideration when selling a product, a service or a media/ cultural production such as a film. The course also focuses on the conceptualisation and creation of public service announcements as well as hospitality industry related campaigns (tourism, hotel industry) that are then focus group tested.

CMM 351G – European Communication Policies

Provides students with a comprehensive understanding of communication policies in Europe. The course studies consistency and change in the telecommunications and media sectors from the post-war period until now. It examines the extent to which there are distinct European media systems in different regions. Furthermore, the course provides students with knowledge of how and why communication policies develop at the level of the European Union. The roles of the European Commission, Council and Parliament, as well as the nature of policy issues involved will be studied. A lecture series with policy professionals is organized to gain unique and in-depth insight into the way in which communication-related organizations influence European Union policy-making.

CMM 352G – Communication Law & Policy

This course introduces students to media and telecommunications law and policy. The course content covers (a) governance approaches in different communication sectors, (b) key values and principles underlying communication law and policy, and (c) the basics of media law, including but not limited to an analysis of the legal framework on media pluralism, universal coverage, protection of sources, freedom of expression, and copyright. Rather than entering into the specificity of one country’s legislation, students will receive a global comparative view on the subject matter. To the extent possible, the course will touch upon linkages with trade, competition, culture and education law and policy as well.

CMM 353G -Comparative Media Systems

This course introduces students to major theoretical perspectives and methodological approaches in the study of media systems and media industries. The course offers a wide-ranging survey of media systems across different regions of the world. Students will be familiarised with comparative research as well as the economic, social, political, regulatory and cultural aspects of media systems.

CMM 372G – Advanced Qualitative Communication Research Methods

The course focuses on qualitative research methods used in communication studies, such as qualitative interviewing, participatory observation, and qualitative content analysis. It covers applications of these methods on traditional media (print and audio-visual) and new media, advertising, public relations and marketing, and media effects studies, as well as communication policy research though case studies and seminal research papers in the different fields.

CMM 373G – Advanced Quantitative Communication Research Methods

The course focuses on quantitative research methods used in communication studies, such as quantitative content analysis, survey research, experiments, and combinations thereof. It covers applications of these methods on traditional media (print and audio-visual) and new media, advertising, public relations and marketing, and media effects studies, as well as communication policy research though case studies and seminal research papers in the different fields.

CMM 391G – Capstone

The course, requires students to integrate knowledge and exercise the skills acquired throughout their work in their major, and provides them with an opportunity to work on an extended research project while advising a “client”. The client sets the main task for the students, in order for them to apply their acquired skills to a complex and “real- life” problem related to Communication Science. As such, the Capstone is designed to contribute to preparing students for the job market and support their transition from academia to the professional world. Furthermore, by calling for sophisticated understanding of theoretical issues as well as an appreciation of ways to construct empirical research solutions, it also prepares students for independent research at graduate level.

CMM 395G – BA Thesis in Communications – Seminar I (Advanced Research Methods)

The advanced research methods seminar (Seminar I) for the BA Thesis in Communication Studies, requires students to formulate and devise their research question for their BA Thesis topic as well as to choose and apply advanced research methods specific to the field of Communication Studies in order to tackle and investigate their major research topic. In this seminar, students will acquire knowledge and skills of advanced research methods and will complete their preparatory work for conducting major research on their BA topic which will serve as a foundation for finalizing their thesis writing in BA Thesis Seminar II. Pre-requirements: Students must have taken all Core courses before taking this course.

CMM 396G – BA Thesis in Communication Studies – Seminar II (Senior Seminar)

After completing the BA Thesis Seminar I, students are required to complete writing their BA thesis, applying advanced research methods acquired in BA Thesis Seminar I. Under the guidance of their thesis supervisor, students finalize the writing process and present intermittent results in senior seminars and round-tables. The final oral defence/presentation of the thesis’ results will take place in the context of the College’s public “undergraduate research day”. Pre-requisite: BA Thesis Seminar I.

Economics (ECN)

ECN 101G – Economics

Illustrates the way in which economists view the world by the development of some basic tools of micro- and macroeconomic analysis and by their application in understanding the behaviour of households, firms and government. Problems include: trade and specialisation; the operation of markets; industrial structure and economic welfare; the determination of aggregate output and the price level; and fiscal and monetary policy; and foreign exchange rates.

ECN 201G – Intermediate Macroeconomics

This intermediate-level course examines the determination of income, employment, the price level, interest rates and exchange rates in the economy. Piece-by-piece, we construct a model that describes how each of these variables is determined in the long- and short-run. We investigate issues of long-run growth, business cycles, international trade, and monetary and fiscal policy. We pay special attention to current developments, with an international and European perspective throughout.
Prerequisite: ECN 101P

ECN 202G – The European Economy

Examines in detail the current structure of the European economy – the what, who, how and why of production, distribution and consumption. Discusses, for example, differences among countries in economic organisation, in financial institutions and labour relations, as well as the role and influence of the European Union as against that of nation states. Assesses recent economic performance across Europe and attends throughout to the ways in which the European economy is similar to or different from economies in other parts of the world.
Prerequisite: ECN 101P

ECN203G – Macroeconomic Policy

This course studies the macroeconomy from a policy perspective.  In particular, we investigate the effects of fiscal and monetary policy in the short run, the medium run and the long run.  The course starts with the derivation of the IS/LM-model, which studies the behaviour of the goods and financial markets in the short run.  For the medium run, we introduce the labour market, in order to derive the AS/AD-model and to study the relationship between unemployment and inflation.  After a survey of the current economic crisis, we investigate the role of expectations in the economy.  Finally, we look at economic policy in an open economy.

ECN 231G – History of Economic Thought

Mainstream economic textbooks tend to represent the field as a collection of universal laws and insights. However, economics emerged through a long historical process in which authors, in a dialogue with the works of their predecessors, tried to provide answers for pressing problems of society. The course investigates this historical process, and devotes attention to the historical context as well as the analytical contents of the theories. The study of the history of economic thought contributes to a critical understanding of economics and reinforces the insights in contemporary economics through an understanding of the underlying historical process of development. On the one hand the course provides broad overviews, but on the other hand special attention is devoted to the economic thought of several important economists: Smith, Malthus, Ricardo, Marx, Jevons, Walras, Menger, Böhm-Bawerk, Marshall, and Keynes. At the end of the course some attention will be devoted to the development of micro and macroeconomics after World War II. 
Prerequisite: ECN 101P

ECN 241G – The International Banking System

This course provides an overview of the international banking system, including such topics as: the role of the banks in the financial system; regulatory and policy aspects; services offered by banks; analysis of bank performance; macroeconomic perspectives in banking; and  comparison of the banking structures and environments in Europe, the U.S.A., Latin America, Japan, and developing nations.
Prerequisite: ECN 101G, BUS142G, BUS 143G

ECN 302G – International Trade

This course analyses the interdependence that arises from international trade in goods and services. We cover the following topics: the gains from trade, the pattern of trade, the impact of protection, international factor movements, and trade policy. We pay special attention to the European Union and its relationship to other regional trading blocs.
Prerequisite: ECN 101G

ECN 311G – Microeconomics

Provides a rigorous intermediate-level treatment of microeconomic theory with applications to business and public policy. Topics include the mathematical foundations of economic theory; the theory of individual economic behaviour; the theory of the firm and economic organisation; perfect competition, general equilibrium, and economics of information; corporate behaviour and strategy under imperfect competition; capital theory; labour markets; welfare economics and public choice.
Prerequisites: ECN 101G, MTH 140G

History (HIS)

HIS 101G – Global History since 1945

This course introduces students to the key developments, processes and major events in global history from 1945 to the present. The course not only focuses on conflict and cooperation among the major Western powers, but also places the development of modern International Relations into the global context of socio-economic and political developments in Eurasia, Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Latin America. In addition, the course examines the evolving influence of science and technology on International Affairs since 1945. The course serves as a foundation for further region-based and thematic in-depth history courses at the 200 and 300 levels.

HIS 203G – International Relations between the Wars

The primary objective of the course will be to examine and review the Interwar period in the history of the twentieth century. The lectures will cover international and domestic events in between the outbreak of the Great War and the aftermath of the Second World War, such as: the collapse of the European Empires and the rise of the United States; the Versailles Treaty and the creation of the League of Nations; the Bolshevik revolution, Communism and the creation of the Soviet Union; the collapse of the Weimar Republic and the rise of Nazism in Germany. Apart from deciding the shape of the international system and the world order until today, these events have also had an overwhelming impact on the appearance of the study of International Relations (IR) as an academic discipline. In this respect, the secondary objective of the course will be to reflect on the implications of the Interwar for the study of IR. Hence, a number of lectures will engage with theoretical and historiographical debates in IR, especially in the context of the so-called First Great Debate. The course will be taking an interdisciplinary approach and will be suitable for all students who have a strong interest in the history and international relations of the twentieth century.
Prerequisite: HIS 101G

HIS 261G – Regional History of international relations: Africa

This course surveys major historical developments that underpin the contemporary politics of Africa. Among the issues discussed are: European colonialism, westernisation, the slave trade and contemporary challenges linked to decolonisation processes and independence movements, state-building, peace-building and the roles of gender, race and ethnicity. Students are expected to broaden their understanding of Africa and how its history is interlinked with global politics, economic and environmental developments.
Prerequisite: HIS 101G

HIS 262G – Regional History of international relations: Asia

This course introduces students to the history of modern Asia, developments within and between the regional states, and the impact that they have on global politics. The course is composed of lectures and seminars during which students analyse texts and engage with guiding questions developed for each week’s readings. The course analyses historical developments through the prism of contemporary politics and assesses how historical paths, domestic political institutions, and extra-regional actors such as the United States have shaped the history of modern Asia.
Prerequisite: HIS 101G

HIS 271G – History: Methods and Problems

Explores the theory, practice and application of history by investigating various classical issues of historiography and extending the student’s techniques of historical analysis and research. Includes an inquiry into the nature of the discipline, basic historical theory, the notion of historical truth, the nature of evidence, the auxiliary sciences, comprehensive research techniques, writing and organisation, classical and modern research trends and the so-called “new” histories.
Prerequisite: HIS 101G

HIS 311G – History of Genocide

This course introduces students to the historical study of genocides and mass atrocities from antiquity to contemporary times.  Students  will  study  the  meaning,  occurrence,  causes  and  consequences  of  genocides   throughout history and will gain a nuanced  understanding  of  underlying  common  causes  and the specificities of each case study. Even though the course covers case studies in Europe, North and South America, Africa and Australia throughout history, particular emphasis is placed on the European dimension of the history of genocide.

Humanities (HUM)

HUM 101G – Composition for Academic Communication

This course introduces students to the main conventions and requirements of academic writing and to basic elements of research processes. Students learn how to formulate a research question, how to analyse and critique the methodologies of previous studies and compose a literature review. Students improve their critical thinking skills by engaging with research language and thereby hone their academic writing. Students learn how to select, question and analyse studies and how to use academic research in their own writing. In addition, critical thinking exercises refine students’ ability to distinguish valid from invalid arguments and will teach students key critical analysis skills. The course also engages with core debates important in understanding contemporary processes in the fields of Business, Communications, International Affairs and Law.

HUM103G – Global Ethics

This course introduces students to the major theoretical and applied debates in the field of global ethics as well as to its major moral puzzles and challenges. Drawing on interdisciplinary perspectives and thematic issues in the fields of Business, Communications, International Affairs and Law, the course will challenge students to reflect on major ethical theories and traditions as well as core problems such as corporate governance, media ethics, global distributive justice, the ethics of making and sustaining peace and the legal dimensions of ethics. By combining the works of both classical and contemporary philosophers with contemporary applied global issues, students will be able to critically reflect on fundamental normative questions from an interdisciplinary perspective and reflect on the rights, responsibilities and challenges of “good global citizenship”.

Internship (INT)

INT 381G – Internship

Working in a sponsoring firm or organisation, students undertake a 150-hour, semester- long project on a theme or topic related to their major. It requires students to work on- site at least 10 hours per week, keep a daily activity log and write a project report.
Prerequisites: Students in their second semester of second year or first semester of third year, good academic standing and approval by the Internship Committee

Law (LAW)

LAW 101G – Introduction to International and European Law

This course introduces students to both general international law and EU law. The first part deals with an introduction to general international law. The major fields of international law are explained: sources of law, fundamental rights and duties of states, human rights, international organisations, international legal regimes governing particular subjects (the atmosphere, Antarctica, the high seas). The second part deals with EU law. It explains the sources and the hierarchy of EU law, the principles governing the powers and the division of power in the EU as well as between the EU and its member states. The course also addresses issues linked to democratic governance and human rights, the EU institutions, and the internal market.

LAW 102G – Introduction to Legal Principles and Theories

The course covers the basic legal concepts, issues and themes that are common to the world’s major legal systems. Students will become familiar with the legal principles and theories that they will encounter throughout the entire Law programme at Vesalius. Topics include legal history, nature and components of law, relationship between morality and law, natural law and legal positivism, hierarchy of legal sources, role of legislators and courts, the process of legal analysis (including judicial opinions, facts, legal issues, applicable law and the judgment), contracts law, torts law, criminal law, public/private law, jurisprudence, substantive and procedural issues, and conflicts of law.

LAW 111G – Business Law

This course introduces the legal context in which business is conducted in civil and common law jurisdictions. After examining the sources and components of law, students will consider the law of contracts, torts, international trade, intellectual property rights, agency and distributorship, conflicts of law and competent courts, law of corporations, bankruptcy and receivership. In focusing on emerging trends in Business Law and related contemporary legal debates, students will gain   sensitivity to the importance of ethical considerations in legal business decision making: business decision makers need to consider not just whether a decision is “legal,” but also whether it is “ethical”.

LAW 201G – Humanitarian Law

This course addresses international humanitarian law as part of general international law. It introduces students to the history and codification of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) from the 16th century till today. The methodology is explained by highlighting the difference between ius ad bellum (the legitimacy of armed operations) and the ius in bello (law applicable during armed conflict). The four Geneva conventions of 1949 and the two additional protocols of 1977 are looked at in detail. Attention is paid to the question of law enforcement, in particular the numerous resolutions of the UN Security Council. The course illustrates IHL in some recent armed conflicts such as the NATO air campaign in Kosovo, the Libyan civil war, the Syrian civil war and looks at some new challenges of IHL in the context of armed drones and cyber warfare.

LAW 202G – Legal Aspects of Migration

This course provides a detailed introduction to the international and European legal frameworks relating to migration. The main focus will be the study of the nature and implications of the progressive establishment of a common European legislative and policy framework covering the status, rights and mobility of persons in the European Union. The course will address the ways in which the nation state’s powers over the regulation of flows of persons and the status of mobile nationals and non-nationals has been affected by these transnational legal developments and the case law of supranational courts.

LAW 203G – Criminal Law

This course highlights the differences between civil law and criminal law through the historical development of criminal law. Basic concepts are addressed such as the acts classified as crimes, the distinction between more serious offences (felonies) and less serious offences (misdemeanours), punishments (including incarceration and fines), the difference between the prosecuting office and the tribunal/court, the investigation process, the role of law enforcement agencies. Penal codes of several countries will be used to illustrate the general theory of criminal law.

LAW 204G, Human Rights and International Criminal Law: The Case of the International Criminal Court

This interdisciplinary course is aimed at students interested in the study of human rights and international criminal law, international relations, and history. It combines a discussion of several case studies and special issues with a theoretical discussion on human rights, international criminal law, and the role of state and non-state actors in global affairs.

We will use the case of the International Criminal Court (ICC)—often cited as a landmark achievement in the fight against impunity—as a means of understanding the debates and issues that meet at the intersection of human rights and international criminal law. As we do so, we will embark on a historical and institutional journey that will take us from the early days of the development of the first norms and principles of international criminal law to the present.

In the second part of the course, we will examine up close some of the major debates and issues surrounding the creation of the ICC, but which have continued to be discussed in other international forums as well. In particular, we will unpack the fraught relationship of the United Nations Security Council and the ICC, the important progress that has been made in the area of gender rights, as well as the controversies surrounding the issues of universal jurisdiction and crime of aggression.

In the final part of the course, we will try to answer the many questions about the relevance of the ICC in the 21st century, especially as it pertains to the development of the norm of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P), the Court’s contentious relationship with the various African countries, and the political considerations surrounding the investigations of the Court in the Occupied Territories and Syria.

LAW 211G – Advanced Business Law

Building on the concepts learned in Business Law, this course further examines the sources and components of law as well as the question of conflicts of law, competency of courts and various legal regimes governing international business transactions and operations. Students will further explore the laws of finance, sales, employment, corporations and other business associations, mergers and acquisitions, debtor-creditor relations, secured transactions, bankruptcy and receivership.
Prerequisite: LAW 111G

LAW 212G – International Commercial Arbitration

This course covers the basics of the law and practice governing international commercial arbitration, mediation and alternate dispute resolution. It provides students with both the theoretical and practical aspects of commercial arbitration, including topics such as the enforcement of arbitration agreements, review of the major international arbitral institutions and their rules of procedure. In studying the relationship between international arbitration and national court systems, students will review court decisions on arbitration, perform research on arbitration at the global level and draft arbitration agreements.

LAW 213G – Intellectual Property Law

This course provides an introduction to the four primary types of intellectual property protection: patent, copyright, trademark, and trade secret. Students will gain a basic understanding of the various grounds for and limitations of such protections by exploring the policies and legal principles which support international and European protection of intellectual property rights, designs, protection of trade secrets as well as the sources of those rights. Special topics will include acquisition of rights, registration, infringement, remedies and international aspects of these laws. The course also examines the function of international intellectual property organisations and recent developments in the EU.

LAW 221G – European Organisations

The European Union has become the most influential organisation in Europe, with a membership of 27 European states. However, 21 independent European intergovernmental organisations or European cooperation frameworks exist which are active in fields not, or not completely, covered by the activities of the European Union. These 21 European Organisations are divided in four sectors: economy & finance, political and security, science, and river commissions. The course will explain the law and policy of the 21 European organisations: their origins, membership, activities and cooperation among them or with the European Union. The students will acquire a complete overview of the all existing European intergovernmental organisations. Another objective is to prepare students of the International Affairs major to the job market in the world of European organisations and the related sectors (procurement for contractors, sub-contractors).
Prerequisite: LAW 101G or any course dealing with an introduction to EU law

LAW 222G – European Union Constitutional Law

The course focuses on the rights of EU citizens (inter alia the Charter of Fundamental Rights) and the institutions (European Parliament, Council, European Council, Commission, European Court of Justice and other organs) as well as the decision- making and controlling procedures of the President of the European Union. The operation of the EU institutions will be explained in all major areas of the European Union policies, with special attention to the internal market, the area of freedom, security and justice, as well as the common foreign and security policy.
Prerequisite: LAW 101G

LAW 231G – Comparative Constitutional Law

This  course  gives  a  legal  overview  and  basic  knowledge  of  the  constitutions of the major countries in the world. It will address the origins of constitutionalism (American and French Revolutions), the state institutions and their powers, the constitutional  rights  of  citizens,  the  changing  nature  of  the  constitutions, inter alia constitutional review, unitary versus federal states.

LAW 271G – Methods: Legal Analysis, Research and Writing

This course is designed to develop the student’s ability to identify legal issues   and communicate such findings effectively, particularly in the written form. In developing the ability for legal analysis and problem solving skills, students will focus particularly on the interplay between international and European law, through historical, political and economic dimensions. Students will be encouraged to apply legal knowledge gained in previous courses in a number of ways. Finally, students will be provided with the opportunity for enhanced use of appropriate legal research methods and tools within the framework of class assignments.
Prerequisite: LAW 102G or one other upper-level course in law

LAW 302G – Environmental Law

The contents of this course include the general principles of environmental law, the legal and institutional framework comprising subjects such as the actors (states, international organisations, NGOs, etc.), environmental treaties, resolutions of the UN General Assembly and other international bodies, EU regulations and directives, and the general problems of compliance, implementation, enforcement and dispute settlement.

LAW 303G – Human Rights

This course focuses on the principles regarding the status of individuals under international law, the “International Bill of Human Rights”, regional human rights instruments, human rights related to expulsion and extradition, stateless persons, refugees and asylum, and the treatment standards regarding foreigners. The course incorporates major case law.

LAW 311G – Competition Law

In this course, students will examine the role of competition law and policy, at both the EU and national levels and within the global economy. The different regimes of competition law will be closely analysed, including the interaction between trade and competition and the process of internationalisation of competition law and policy. Students will explore various issues related to competition law, including abuse of dominant position, anti-competitive agreements, the interface between Intellectual Property Rights and competition law and other current issues related to business strategy.
Prerequisite: BUS 101G or  LAW 111G

LAW 312G – International Banking Law and Financial Regulation

This course introduces students to the legal and regulatory environment of international banking and finance. In exploring the fundamental legal issues, emphasis will be placed on the international and European context in order to reflect the globalisation of the financial markets. Students will become familiar with the regulation of capital markets as well as the traditional financial market sectors of insurance and commercial & investment banking. This course will enable students to benefit from the “big picture” of banking and finance while considering related legal challenges.
Prerequisite: BUS 101G, ECN 101G or LAW 111G

LAW 322G – Law of the EU Internal Market

This advanced course provides a systematic analysis of the internal market and focuses on the four freedoms, namely the free movement of goods (including custom duties and taxation, quantitative restrictions and similar measures), the free movement of services (including the freedom of establishment), the freedom of movement of people (including the Schengen Area) and the free movement of capital (including monetary union). Related topics will also include EU citizenship, fundamental rights, and harmonisation of legislation and redress mechanisms.

LAW 391G – International and EU Law Capstone

The course is devoted to landmark judgments and legal opinions of the judicial bodies of both the European Union and the International Court of Justice and its predecessor, ICSID arbitration, mixed claims commissions and the ILOAT tribunal. With respect to the European Union, students will examine holdings of the Court of Justice of the European Union, the General Court, and the European Civil Service Tribunal. The course culminates in a high-level research paper or project of the student’s choice, where students will be required to analyse the structure and legal reasoning of judgments and legal opinions related to their topic.
Prerequisite: LAW 271G and third year standing in the Law major, or with permission of the instructor.

LAW395G – BA Thesis in International and European Law – Seminar I (Advanced Research Methods)

The advanced research methods seminar (Seminar I) for the BA Thesis in International and European Law, requires students to formulate and devise their research question for their BA Thesis topic as well as to choose and apply advanced research methods specific to the field of International and European Law in order to tackle and investigate their major research topic. In this seminar, students will acquire knowledge and skills of advanced research methods and will complete their preparatory work for conducting major research on their BA topic which will serve as a foundation for finalizing their thesis writing in BA Thesis Seminar II. Pre-requirements: Students must have taken all Core courses before taking this course.

LAW396G – BA Thesis in International and European Law  – Seminar II (Senior Seminar)

After completing the BA Thesis Seminar I, students are required to complete writing their BA thesis, applying advanced research methods acquired in BA Thesis Seminar I. Under the guidance of their thesis supervisor, students finalize the writing process and present intermittent results in senior seminars and round-tables. The final oral defence/presentation of the thesis’ results will take place in the context of the College’s public “undergraduate research day”. Pre-requisite: BA Thesis Seminar I.


Chinese (LCH)

LCH 101G – Elementary Chinese

This course teaches Mandarin Chinese, which is used as official language in Taiwan and mainland of P.R. China. Equal emphasis will be given to listening and comprehension, speaking, reading and writing. The objective is to lay a solid foundation for further learning of Chinese. The course will be conducted, as far as possible, in Chinese from the beginning. After this course students should be able to speak with correct pronunciation and tone, write all strokes in the correct order and some Chinese characters understand and read simple conversations and texts. The course will also expose students to various aspects of Chinese culture. It is designed for students with no prior knowledge of Chinese.


LAR 101G – Elementary Arabic

This is a course of Modern Standard Arabic, the language that comes closest to a Lingua Franca in the Arab World. It enables students to read modern texts and follow the news (decipher headlines and look up words that are unknown) and most important provides them with the tools to constantly improve and broaden their knowledge by engaging in conversation with locals who speak Arabic and ask for words and expressions that are new to them. Since the Arab culture is often described as an “oral culture” students of Arabic benefit greatly from this approach.

They will also get an insight into the diversity of the Arabic language and the main differences between the biggest groups of dialects. At the end of the course participants will be able to have a simple conversation with native speakers, as well as getting a grip of the local variety they speak. In order to achieve that we use not only a classical teaching book, but also recorded texts (mostly with transcripts), songs and films from different countries where Arabic is spoken and one or the other social media entry.

This course is a door-opener helping you to make your first steps into the Arab-speaking part of the world and will get you as far as your enthusiasm carries you, once you got the hang of it. With potential for further courses to follow.

Dutch (LDU)

LDU 101G – Elementary Dutch

This course focuses on listening and understanding, vocabulary and basic practical grammar. After these courses students should be able to manage living in a Dutch-speaking environment, to participate in everyday conversations, to read and understand basic Dutch texts and to compose simple written work.
Students will also learn more about Dutch/ Belgian culture. This course is designed for students with no prior knowledge of Dutch.

French (LFR)

LFR 101G, LFR 102G – Elementary French I & II

This sequence focuses listening and understanding, vocabulary and basic
practical grammar. After these courses students should be able to manage living in a French-speaking environment, to participate in everyday conversations, to read and understand basic French texts and to compose simple written work.
Students will also learn more about French/ Belgian culture.
LFR101E is designed for students with no prior knowledge of French, and LFR102E is for students with the equivalent one semester of college French as assessed by a placement test.
Syllabus LFR101G
Syllabus LFR102G

LFR 200 level – Intermediate French I & II

This level consists of 8 different modules, each focusing on a different aspect of language learning. This sequence focuses on the acquisition of major elements of French grammar, as well as a more advanced level of comprehension, accurate and active communication skills and a broader coverage of vocabulary.
The students can choose 4 different modules that correspond best to their individual learning path. The modules are Grammar I and II, Reading and Writing I and II, Conversation I and II and Culture and Civilisation I and II.

Prerequisite for LFR200E: LFR102E or placement test. The choice of modules is discussed at the Placement test with the French Instructors.
Courses given each semester

LFR 301G, LFR 302G – Advanced French I & II

The two courses are comparable in their methods of instruction, as they are content courses taught in French allowing students to master advanced vocabulary, to practice grammar, to organise class discussions, to write essays, and to do oral presentations and/or extracurricular projects) but each has its own programme and its own theme.
The two courses complement each other in the development of vocabulary, comprehension, writing and oral skills, and may be taken in any order.
Prerequisite for LFR 301G: LFR 202G or placement test
Prerequisite for LFR 302G: LFR 202G or placement test
Syllabus LFR301G

Mathematics (MTH)

MTH 140G – Mathematics for Business and Economics

Teaches the mathematical skills required for problem solving and decision making in the business world through use of mathematical models and specialised techniques. Topics include: functions as mathematical models, equation-solving techniques, differential and integral calculus, exponential growth and time-value of money and partial derivatives and their applications in economic functions.

Philosophy (PHL)

PHL 101G – History of Western Philosophy

Provides a general overview of the main philosophical topics discussed from the presocratics to the postmodernists. The course develops historically the most important subfields of philosophy: philosophy of nature, philosophy of mind, metaphysics, ethics, epistemology (theory of knowledge), aesthetics and philosophy of history. We successively discuss pre-Socratic philosophy, Plato, Aristotle, Hellenistic philosophy, the early and late Middle Ages, Descartes, Hume, Kant, Hegel, Marx, Nietzsche, Heidegger and postmodernism. Students are required to read primary sources, to write short papers, and to participate in debates on philosophical questions.

Politics (POL)

POL 101G – Global Politics

This is a basic introductory course familiarising students with core concepts, processes and events in global politics. It gives insight into the so-called “global” dimension of world politics, which encompasses the worldwide, the regional, the national and the sub-national levels. In this course, students study concepts and issues related to state and sovereignty, the nation and globalisation; power and war; diplomacy and sanctions, identity and terrorism. Studying these issues helps to outline the interdependence and interconnectedness of state and non-state actors in world politics.

POL 102G – Introduction to Political Concepts and Theory

This is a basic introductory course to political theory. In this course, students study concepts such as democracy and justice; nation and nationalism; power and authority; state and sovereignty; leadership and government, and so forth. Analysing these concepts is necessary to fully grasp the relationships between the individual, society and the state. Furthermore, these concepts serve as a basis for students to understand different political theories and prepare them to conduct research in political science. 

POL111G – Introduction to Comparative Politics and Regional Studies

This course aims at providing students with an understanding of the key concepts and issues in comparative politics and regional studies. Here, comparative politics is mainly understood as “politics within the state,” while students also learn about the specific features characterising political dynamics, state features and regional patterns of political developments in particular areas of the world through the regional studies approach. In the first part of the module, students are introduced to what comparative politics is, how to organise and design comparative research in political science, and get a glimpse of the main literature debates on comparative politics methodologies. Here, students also get familiarised with the basic concepts associated with the modern State, liberal democracy and authoritarianism. The rest of the module introduces students to the study of politics in a number of world regions: Latin America, Western Europe, the Middle East, the Post-Soviet Space, Asia, and Africa. Students thus learn about the way the concept of State was developed in all of these areas of the world, what the challenges to the Modern State are and whether, and how, State power in these regions has been eroded.

E102 – EUROPEAN REFUGE(ES): Face-to-face Encounters between Students and Refugees

This programme brings refugees and non-refugees together to explore and critique the refugee ‘crisis’. This is a 10-week programme during which youth from European universities and those from refugee backgrounds learn from expert academics and practitioners from across Europe, as well as from each other as they build up relationships in their small seminar groups.
All students engage in 3 pillars: 1) online video lectures by European experts 2) live, facilitated seminars between participants from refugees and non-refugee backgrounds 3) primary research through European-wide survey and short video interviews.
The content of this programme will be underpinned by the concept of European citizenship with the focus towards exploring the European political, media and social responses to the ‘refugee crisis’ as well as going more deeply into understanding how these responses and attitudes are affecting European society and the integration and experiences of refugees/new-comers. This season young people from a refugee background will also join European students.

POL 201G – Comparative Political Systems

This course builds on the “Introduction to Comparative Politics and Regional Studies” and deepens students’ knowledge of comparative politics, regionalisation and regional systems of governance. Students refine their understanding of liberal democratic, authoritarian and totalitarian regimes, always through a comparative perspective. In addition, students also focus on an in-depth analysis of the different challenges Nation-States are facing. For instance, students learn about the processes of institutional devolution and the rise of localism. Furthermore, students focus on regionalism and regional systems of governance. They study the current trends in the regionalisation of world politics, through a comparative analysis of the major regional organisations. The final aim of this course is to provide students with knowledge of how political institutions have developed in different areas of the world as well as give pupils the theoretical, conceptual and methodological tools necessary n to start carrying out independent research in the field of comparative politics. More specifically this course equips students to analyse the developments characterising governance in national-States and regions and to specialise further in the study of a particular world region.
Prerequisite: POL111G

POL 212G – Theories of International Relations

This course introduces and applies the major paradigms, key authors and core theories in the discipline of International Relations (IR). The course allows students to study and apply major IR theories with the help historical and contemporary political empirical case studies in order to illustrate, as well as test, central assumptions and arguments of these approaches. The course provides a knowledge base for the further study of International Relations theories as well as for understanding core processes, actors and power relations in international politics.

POL 213G – European energy security strategies in global perspective

Energy is at the heart of economic development. It fuels transportation systems, powers factories, lights government and office buildings, schools and hospitals, heats homes and keeps foods cold. The European Union’s prosperity and security thus hinges on a stable and abundant supply of energy. Since the oil crisis of the 1970s most EU member states have not had to experience any long-lasting supply disruption, yet the world stage and the global energy landscape have both changed dramatically. The course will debate those factors that currently drive energy policy decisions in Europe, including the actions of nations such as the United States, Russia, China, India, and Japan, climate change negotiations, and the quest for energy independence.

POL 214G, Western Democracy in Crisis: Post-truth Politics and the Rise of Populism

This course will examine one of the defining political puzzles of our time: from the EU referendum in the United Kingdom to the presidential election in the United States and the rise of populist forces everywhere in Europe, there is a growing realization that truth may no longer be relevant to politics. ‘Post-truth’ politics – the Oxford Dictionaries word of the year – threatens to turn Western liberal democracy upside-down. The public scorns at politicians, technocrats and experts; conspiracies and viral hoaxes run rampart in social media; objective facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief. We will use an interdisciplinary approach  – with lectures, group activities and assignments – to examine the philosophical underpinnings, the evolution and the effects of populism. In the course of seven weeks we will consider a range of questions such as: is populism a crisis of democracy or a legitimate revolt of the masses against their shrinking political importance? To what extent can populism be considered as a descendant of eighteenth century Romanticism? What are the ‘post-truth’ challenges to the European Union, the transatlantic security and the liberal world order?

POL 221G – The EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)

This EPSS course provides an understanding of the historical processes that have underpinned the making of the EU’s external action, as well as a thorough description of the institutional evolution of a set of related external action fields (from foreign policy to development, from security to trade policy). The course is divided into three parts. Part one provides a theoretical and historical overview of the development of EU’s foreign policy. Part two focuses on the institutional arrangements and presents some key institutional and national actors in the making of foreign policy. Part three reviews the EU’s main external policies through a number of conceptual and regional case studies, with a particular focus on the EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood (Russia/Ukraine, South Caucasus, Balkans) and Southern Neighbourhood (Turkey, Maghreb, Persian Gulf).

POL 222G – Understanding Contemporary Conflicts in the Euro-Mediterranean Region

Formerly known as Understanding Contemporary Conflict in Europe and Beyond, this is an EPSS course on the history and the politics of contemporary conflicts, with a specific focus on the Mediterranean region and the impact that its dynamics have had on European security. It will provide an understanding of the historical roots, conceptual foundations, and current developments characterising the conflicts of this area. The course is divided into three parts: the first part will be focused on understanding the historical developments and changes in warfare and the tools to analyse and manage conflicts. The second part of the course will deal specifically with the most important historical developments that have created the conditions for the current conflicts in the region. The role of Europe in the formation of the contemporary Middle East will be highlighted. The third part will focus on current crises in the Middle East, dealing with four specific case studies: the Arab-Israeli conflict, the Syrian civil war, sectarianism in the Middle East and the rivalry between the Islamic State (IS) and Al-Qaeda in the Jihadist camp.

POL 223G – Ethnic Conflict, Reconciliation and Reconstruction

This interdisciplinary course is aimed at students interested in the study of peace and conflict resolution, international relations, political science, sociology and history. It combines a historical overview of the breakup of Yugoslavia and the wars of 1990 with a theoretical discussion on peace and conflict resolution. The course consists of a series of lectures and presentations during which students look at the main events and causes that led to the break-up of Yugoslavia in the 1990s as well as the impact the conflict has had on the security, economic, demographic, and religious situation in the region. No background in Yugoslav history or politics is required. The role of nationalist ideology and organisation in the breakdown and building of state structures is a key element of this course, as is (often violent) conflict surrounding the implementation of state-building projects. A final element of major significance is the impact of international intervention or world geopolitics, particularly the interests of Great Powers and their attempts to shape state-building projects of local actors. The course assists students in identifying and analysing the causes of the Yugoslavian conflict, and more importantly, learning how to anticipate such conflicts in the future.

POL 225G, Global Terrorism, Counter-terrorism and (De-)Radicalisation

This course examines the contours of the jihadist movements, with the aim of enhancing students’ understanding of ideological, strategic, and operational characteristics that define it. Students explore the ideological and strategic debates within the movement as well as national, regional, and international events that contributed to these debates. A particular emphasis is placed on aspects of counterinsurgency, national and international policy to combat radicalism and jihadism and areas of continued concern within the international system for such occurrences. This course introduces students to policy debates, theoretical literature available in the emerging field of jihadist studies as well as statements and literature produced by jihadists themselves. This course places heavy emphasis on professional writing, briefing, conduct, and other skills needed for careers in the fields of terrorism and security.

POL 226G, Gender, Peace and Security – Johanna Mannergren Ph.D

This course critically examines the interconnectedness of gender, peace and security and analyses the impact of war on women and men. Theoretically and empirically it considers some central themes: the role of conflict-related sexual violence; women’s participation in peace negotiations, peacekeeping and peacebuilding; and the potential of transitional justice in addressing gender inequality in societies transitioning from war to peace. An important point of departure will be the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (2000). The course equips students to critically apply a gender analysis on recent and ongoing conflicts. Together we will map and investigate the global, national and local actors that engage with the agenda of the resolution. In addition to the core literature we engage with a variety of sources, such as policy documents, documentary films and court transcripts.

POL 227G, Security, Migration and Cultural Diversity in Europe

Recent events from the terrorist attacks in France and Belgium to the US presidential election through the Brexit referendum in the UK have highlighted the saliency of migration and cultural diversity in industrialised societies and the frequent linkages being made between ‘migrants’ (or ‘culturally others’) and security in its broadest sense. The main aim of this EPSS course is to equip students with the knowledge and analytical skills necessary to explain how migrants and minorities have come to be seen as threatening and the public policies that have been developed in that respect, as well as evaluating the consequences for those at the receiving end of these discourses and policies and for industrialised societies more broadly.

POL 231G – European Union Politics (Introduction to the European Union)

This course focuses on the European Union’s integration, institutions, decision making processes and major policies and on the theoretical approaches to studying European integration. The course is divided into 4 major parts. Part one provides a historical overview and analyses evolving treaty framework in the European Union. Part two details the organisation and functioning of the European Union institutions including the European Commission, the Council of the European Union and the European Council as well as the European Parliament and the European Court of Justice. Part three deals with policy processes and the making of legislation in the European Union and focuses on selected policy areas. The final part of the course focuses on the major theoretical approaches to studying European integration including neofunctionalism, intergovernmentalism, neo-institutionalism and constructivism(s).

POL 233G – The EU’s Approach to Democratisation and Human Rights

This course examines the historical evolution, policies and overall track-record of major European countries and the European Union itself in the field of democratisation and the promotion of human rights. The first part of the course provides a comprehensive overview of the main conceptualisations, debates and core issues related to human rights and democracy promotion. The second part of the course consists of a critical analysis of both the internal and external human rights policies and democratisation efforts of the European Union and major European states.

POL 234G – Economics and Politics of the European Union

In the alphabet soup of regional groupings the European Union is unique because it has a system of sovereignty-sharing between nation-states. The course will examine precisely what that means and how it expresses itself in terms of institutional arrangements. The EU is also unique in having built up a single market in which business activity in another member state is intended to be (and in some cases has become) as straightforward as activity in another region of the same state. The course will examine both of these aspects.

POL 243G – International Organisations and Global Governance

This course provides an analysis of the historical evolution, policies and impact of core International Organisations in the field of Global Governance. Students examine and evaluate the policy-making processes, successes and failures of major International Organisations in addressing core global challenges, such as global peace and security, global economic governance, development and the global fight against hunger, climate change and environmental governance, the global rule of law, human rights and democratisation.

POL 244G – The United Nations and Global Governance

This course introduces and explores the history, institutions, core policies and impact of the United Nations in the context of “contemporary global governance”. Emphasis is placed on assessing the UN’s core institutions (Security Council, General Assembly, ECOSOC, UN Secretariat and Secretary-General) and the UN’s policies in the fields of peace and security, human rights and (sustainable) development. Particular emphasis is placed on UN Peacekeeping. Students are encouraged to critically assess the UN’s effectiveness and options for reform, whilst appreciating the persistent challenges of global governance in the context of a multiplicity of actors without formal, overall coordination. The course also provides students with an opportunity for critical in-depth (tutorial) discussion, group work and in-depth research into the role, function and performance of the United Nations in the policy fields discussed in the course.
Prerequisite: POL101G or related politics course

POL 261G – An Introduction to the Modern Middle East

This is an introductory course to Modern Middle Eastern Studies. The course introduces students to some of the major historical, political and cultural events that have affected the Middle Eastern region since the fall of the Ottoman Empire. It is an interdisciplinary course that examines key historical and political milestones that have shaped, defined and redefined the Modern Middle East since the beginning of the 20th century: modernity, colonialism, nationalism, ethnicity, identity and religion, state formation, democratisation, wars and geography as well as the impact of external influences on the region. The course also touches upon recent events in the region, in particular the Arab uprising and the on-going Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Given the complex history of the region, current events cannot be dissected from the Middle East’s history alone. This introductory course will provide students with basic building blocks that will enable them to better understand and analyse today’s events and conflicts in the greater context of the region’s historical, political and cultural developments over the past 100 years. The course includes film viewings as well as guest-lectures by experienced practitioners and policy-makers.

POL 262G – US Foreign Policy to the Middle East

In the past decade, the United States has been more involved in the Middle East than ever before in its history. This course examines the evolution and pursuit of US interests in the Middle East in the context of conflicting regional nationalisms, sub-regional poles of power, competition with the Soviet Union, the Islamist revival, and the post-9/11 era. Throughout the semester, the course traces the historical backdrop of foreign intervention in the region from the 19th century to the present. Starting with the “Near East Question” of the 19th century, the course moves through the European mandate system after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, and traces the rise of US policy in the region after WWII. This course draws upon readings, lectures, class discussions, and crisis simulations to foster an understanding of the history of US policy in the region and help students develop an analytic framework for understanding current policy debates.

POL 263G – Russian Foreign Politics

This course introduces students to the key developments in Russia’s foreign and defence policy. It closely examines the drivers, policy tools and constraints Russia faces when seeking to achieve its foreign policy objectives. Students also learn to apply major theories of international relations to the analysis of specific countries’ foreign policy decisions and to the development of policy recommendations for emerging security challenges.

POL 301G – Contemporary Political Debates

This course debates key policy and normative dilemmas in contemporary liberal democracies. It introduces topics using recent academic literature and policy documents and then examines classical and modern political texts in order to build conceptually coherent arguments to support conflicting positions on political and normative dilemmas.
Prerequisite: POL101G or POL102G

POL 302G – Political Theory for International Affairs

This course explores some key themes, questions, approaches in modern and contemporary political theory, which are particularly relevant to international affairs. Many of the most important concepts normally employed in this domain, both at the theoretical and the practical levels, have their roots in the tradition of political theory. The course thus provides an opportunity for the students to engage directly with some of the most important political theorists and texts, in order to gain a first-hand perspective on the origin of such concepts. This means that the course will privilege major figures in the history of modern and contemporary political theory, whose works have played a crucial role in shaping the way we understand those basic concepts.

The course will be divided into three broad traditions of political thinking. These are: “Political Realism and the State”, “Liberalism, Democracy, and Cosmopolitanism”, and “Critical Theories”. Each of these traditions will take four sessions, each of which will be devoted to an important political theorist, whose work has given a substantial contribution to that particular theoretical approach. In the sessions on “Political Realism and the State” we will focus on the works of Machiavelli, Hobbes, Weber, and Schmitt; and we will study themes such as the relation between ethics and politics, the meaning of the ‘state of nature’, the role and function of the state, and the friend/enemy distinction in the political arena. In the sessions on “Liberalism, Democracy, and Cosmopolitanism” we will study Kant, Rawls, Habermas, and Arendt, and analyze questions such as the idea of international peace among democracies, global justice, deliberative democracy, and human rights. Finally the sessions on “Critical Theories” will cover the works of Marx, Gramsci, Foucault, and Butler, and the themes of communism, cultural hegemony, biopolitics, governamentality, and feminism.

The course aims to offer an in-depth understanding of these three traditions of political theory and their respective theorists, in order to allow the student to develop a critical perspective on the ways in which some basic political concepts are employed in the domain of international affairs. Therefore it will be based on a careful study of a selection of emblematic texts of these influential authors, accompanied by the analysis of secondary literature to put such texts in context and relate them both to relevant political events and the on-going intellectual debates to which they contribute.

POL 303G – Advanced Theories of International Relations

This course takes an in-depth look into the classical readings of the authors of international relations theory and places them in the context of contemporary politics. The course provides an overview and critical analysis of the important scholarly debates. Students learn to think critically about different theoretical assumptions and practice applying them to real cases from global politics. In addition to contemporary politics, students draw on their history knowledge to contextualise different theories and their origins. The format of the course includes some lectures paired with seminars where students analyse readings of the core theoretical texts and analyse their own views on the merits and limitations of different theoretical approaches. Thus, class discussions and seminar presentations are among the core activities of this course which is designed to equip students with the theoretical knowledge they need to carry out rigorous research for their BA thesis.
Prerequisite: POL212G

POL 311G – International Policital Economy

This course studies the interactions among political, economic, and social institutions and processes and how they affect international relations. It describes mercantilist, neoliberal, radical, and contemporary approaches to international political economy. Students analyse the structures of trade, finance, security, and knowledge and compare change, transition, and development in different regions. Furthermore, this course analyses global problems, including energy, migration, and environment.
Prerequisite: ECN101G or POL101G

POL 321G – NATO and Transatlantic Approaches to Security

This EPSS course explores the history, track record and major political and policy challenges related to both the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) and wider US-Europe transatlantic relations more generally. Students examine the waxing and waning of US-EU relations in the field of security and assess the evolution, institutions, policy-making processes and impact of NATO’s core security policies. The final part of the course invites students to explore emerging and future challenges NATO and US-EU relations will face.

POL 322G – The EU and Military Approaches to Security

This EPSS course provides an in-depth analysis of core actors, as well as key dimensions and approaches to promoting security through military means. Particular emphasis will be placed on the so-called “comprehensive approach”. The course provides a conceptual and theoretical introduction to military security by focusing on the concepts of threat, risk, security and conflict and explains their evolution. It discusses the changing nature of war and the complexity of today’s conflicts and analyses the role of the military in security issues such as deterrence; arms control and disarmament; proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, small arms and light weapons; and failed states. The course will also explore how the role of the military is influenced by the privatisation of international security and the evolution of military equipment. Finally, students study the role of the military in state-building, the specificity of the military in crisis management, and the main approaches to peace support operations and military crisis management in the UN, EU and NATO frameworks.
Pre-requisite: one course in politics

POL 324G – International Approaches to State-Building, Reform and Good Governance

This interdisciplinary course is aimed to engage students in debates on the origins, development and deterioration of states. Approaches to promoting good governance and state-building as part of post-Soviet transition, African studies, development studies, security studies, post-conflict reconstruction, have been the subject of numerous academic and policy debates. Students learn about these different approaches as well as how they are interlinked with democracy assistance and security sector reform initiatives. Students review the indicators for state capacity and good governance, assess issues critical for the development of states in transition and will discuss models of state-society relationship. While this course primarily focuses on the role of the international actors in state-building efforts, it also focuses on issues linked to the concept of nation, national movements and civil society. The course consists of lectures, seminar discussions and includes guest speakers as well as interactive exercises.
Prerequisite: POL 101G

POL 332G – European and Global Governance of Migration

This course provides an overview of the EU policy-making structures as they apply to migration policy as well as broader themes of EU justice and home affairs. It includes an analysis of the changes of EU governance in the area of justice and home affairs: its origins and evolution as well as the current debates, including security and human rights aspects. In addition to the strong EU focus, the course also maps out the development of the global governance of migration. It explores the role of different stakeholders who are active in migration debates, including different states, international non-governmental organisations, and lobby groups (many of which are active in Brussels). Overall, the course draws on different debates on migration and relates them to broader developments in global politics, including the economic crisis, issues of national identity, immigrant settlement and integration.
Pre-requisite: one course in politics

POL 333G – Policies in the EU

This course aims to familiarise students with institutions, actors and policy patterns of EU policy domains (agriculture, regional development, environmental policy, social policy and foreign/security policy), as well as with public policy approaches and concepts used to analyse EU policies. It addresses some of the challenges of EU policy-making: asymmetry, path dependency, complexity, accountability, legitimacy, public participation, implementation and monitoring deficits, hierarchical authority, enlargement, etc. This course refers extensively to policy cases and domains to clarify theories and concepts, which are juxtaposed to highlight explanatory advantages and weaknesses.
Prerequisite: POL 231G

POL 334G, The European Union in the World, Amie Kreppel

This course explores the changing role of the European Union (EU) on the global stage. This course will examine the evolution of the EU’s global influence through an analysis of several key areas of influence, including enlargement, trade and economic policy and the development of defence policy.
Pre-requisite: at least one course in political science, HUM 101G

POL 342G – The Government and Politics of Global Powers

The course analyses the challenges of Global Governance and the role played by emerging countries (BRICS+) in the new global order. It analyses the key drivers and challenges to the emergence of these countries, their major foreign policy priorities, the rationale behind their engagement in international multilateral organisations/institutions and the ways they try to change the balance in the global system. Firstly therefore, this course presents and studies the key concepts that continuously shape its content and reviews the various strategies that global powers can use to “emerge”. Second, it looks specifically at the power structures of a number of emerging countries and at their external strategies. The country case studies focus on Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa and a few others (BRICS+). Third, students look at the ways these states engage into the international governance structures, the tools they use and the efforts they make to influence or redesign current structures. To do this, the course discusses certain international issues such as the global economy, development cooperation, climate negotiations and global security. Finally, pupils explore the strategies developed by established powers (the US and the EU) to confront these new powers and, eventually, students look at possible scenarios for future global structures.
Prerequisite: one politics course

POL 343G – Global Economic Governance

This course provides an overview of the evolving architecture, functions and outcomes of global economic governance. It assesses the establishment and the role of international institutions, including the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the World Trade Organisation and their capacity to deal with global challenges. The course also examines the role of international rules, norms, practices and institutions that have been challenged in the recent financial crisis. Students analyse how international institutions facilitate cooperation and mitigate conflict in the world economy. Pupils also take a look at issues such as the role international trade, finance and development through the prism of international politics.
Prerequisite: ECN203G

POL 371G – International Affairs Research Methods

Building on what students have learned in STA101E and POL271, this course will further develop students’ ability to conduct quantitative and qualitative research. Students will engage deeply with a topic of their choice, in the fields of International Relations, Comparative Politics, or International/Comparative Political Economy. The overarching course objective is for each student to produce a piece of top quality research, worthy of publication in an undergraduate journal. The course will be a mix of lecture, discussion, and interactive exercises. Students will act as independent researchers, using both primary and secondary sources. Students will also work in pairs, reviewing and critiquing one another’s work. The mixture of lectures, seminar-type discussions, and practical exercises will allow students to develop methodological skills by focusing on their own research interests. Students will produce a proposal, prospectus, and final paper over the course of the semester. While students are expected to participate actively in the lectures by asking questions and doing readings prior to the class, during the seminars, the students are required to be prepared to lead the discussion and group exercises. Students will bring to class typed, printed responses to each lesson’s discussion questions, and should bring a computer to class for the purposes of updating their notes in light of the discussion.
Prerequisites: STA101G and POL271G

POL 391G – Capstone: Global Governance

The International Affairs Capstone course provides students with an opportunity to integrate their knowledge and apply the skills acquired throughout their studies to a concrete policy problem. As the final, summative and integrative course of the IA Programme, students to apply their knowledge and skills in a highly independent, theory-driven, but policy-oriented manner. For the duration of the Capstone course, students work on a real-life problem and act as policy advisors or policy analysts for a “client” (policy-maker from Brussels-based organisations, such as the European Union or NATO). By calling for the integration and application of their multi-disciplinary knowledge, the Capstone course seeks to prepare students both for independent research at the graduate level and to bridge the gap between academic studies and the professional realm of policy-oriented analysis.  
Prerequisite: SSC271G and SSC272G, and third-year standing in the International Affairs major; or permission of the instructor

POL 395G – BA Thesis in International Affairs – Seminar I (Advanced Research Methods)

The advanced research methods seminar (Seminar I) for the BA Thesis in International Affairs, requires students to formulate and devise their research question for their BA Thesis topic as well as to choose and apply advanced research methods specific to the field of International Affairs in order to tackle and investigate their major research topic. In this seminar, students will acquire knowledge and skills of advanced research methods and will complete their preparatory work for conducting major research on their BA topic which will serve as a foundation for finalizing their thesis writing in BA Thesis Seminar II. Pre-requirements: Students must have taken all Core courses before taking this course.

POL 396G – BA Thesis in International Affairs – Seminar II (Senior Seminar)

After completing the BA Thesis Seminar I, students are required to complete writing their BA thesis, applying advanced research methods acquired in BA Thesis Seminar I. Under the guidance of their thesis supervisor, students finalize the writing process and present intermittent results in senior seminars and round-tables. The final oral defence/presentation of the thesis’ results will take place in the context of the College’s public “undergraduate research day”. Pre-requisite: BA Thesis Seminar I.


PSY 101G – Introduction to Psychology

This course is aimed to provide students with an introduction into the research field of psychology. Students get acquainted to core concepts and existing domains within Psychology. Psychology as a scientific discipline and the interconnection between sub domains in Psychology are central issues in this course. Topics that will be treated include: what is psychology, biology of behaviour, sensation and perception, states of consciousness, learning and adaptation, motivation and emotion, development over the life span, personality, adjusting to life (stress, coping and health), psychological disorders, social thinking and behaviour, etc. Theory will be supported by demos, class experiments, exercises and film fragments.

Social Sciences (SSC)

SSC 271G – Intermediate Qualitative Research Methods

This course will give an overview of several qualitative methodologies relevant for addressing some of the cutting-edge social and policy problems. Thanks to lectures and interactive exercises, students learn to pursue an independent research project and work in a team. The course is beneficial to students of Business, Communications, International Affairs, and International and European Law majors. The class format allows students to practice their research methods skills by including many real-life case studies. Students learn how to gather different kinds of evidence prioritise and analyse it and produce high-quality reports. Students are also trained to make effective briefings and presentations. The course is structured as to give students the opportunity to practice what they learn in lectures. This is done by including both lectures and seminar-style sessions. While it is expected that students actively participate in the lectures by asking questions and doing readings prior to the class, during the seminars, the students are required to be prepared to lead the discussion and group exercises.
Prerequisite: HUM101G

SSC 272G – Intermediate Quantitative Research Methods

This course exposes students to the main quantitative research methods required for analysis in the Social Sciences. Students learn the main methodological approaches from the field of Business, Communications, International Affairs and International and European Law studies. The course also provides essential skills required for analysing and tackling major research issues.
Prerequisite: STA 101G

Statistics (STA)

STA 101G – Quantitative Methods

Statistics is the art of using data to make numerical conjectures about problems. Descriptive statistics is the art of summarizing data. Topics include: histograms, the average, the standard deviation, the normal curve, correlation. Much statistical reasoning depends on the theory of probability. Topics include: chance models, expected value, standard error, probability histograms, convergence to the normal curve. Statistical inference is the art of making valid generalisations from samples. Topics include: estimation, measurement error, tests of statistical significance.

STA 201G – Methods: Statistics for Business and Economics

Methods: Statistics for Business and Economics first reviews the basic concepts of statistical inference: sample variability, estimation with confidence intervals, and tests of statistical significance. The course then extends inference by looking into: (i) small-sample tests for averages (t-test); (ii) hypothesis tests comparing two sample averages; and (iii) Chi-square tests. The course finally introduces the student to simple regression (fitting a line to a scatter plot) and multiple regression (the generalization of the regression technique to more than one explanatory variable). Students learn how to use a statistical calculator and statistical software to do their own quantitative research.
Prerequisite: STA 101G